External Relations, Education Next
Thirty-eight states have left either PARCC, Smarter Balanced, or both since 2010
Although less likely to be economically disadvantaged, opt-out students tended to be lower-achieving than test takers in New York State last year
Student performance low, principal attrition high in Charm City
Student achievement places Icahn among NYC’s top performing charter networks
In math, PARCC’s college-ready cutoff score is set at a higher level than the MCAS proficiency cutoff
School choice and competition remain the best hope for improving schools
Education savings account (ESAs) provide parents with most or all of funds the state would have spent on a child’s education, allowing parents to pay for public school alternatives, such as tutoring, online courses, private school tuition, or a combination of other educational services.
Fifty-state effort could increase GDP by $76 trillion over next 80 years
Principals and schools use autonomy to drive results
Urban minority students enrolled in district school alternatives more likely to graduate high school, enroll in college
Commitments to Common Core generate record gains in state standards, no states receive failing grade
Segregation still in decline despite decreasing black exposure to white students
Coleman’s early theories on competition increase student engagement
Greatest gains in South which has caught up with the rest of the country
New study offers first evidence of the long-term effects of duty-to-bargain laws
Rising standards and accountability initiatives have spotlighted weak ELL programs
U.S. students from both affluent and low-income homes underperform their peers in other countries
Test-based accountability has beneficial long-term effects on the graduation rates and future earnings of disadvantaged Texas students attending schools at risk of failing, new study finds
But disadvantaged students at schools seeking recognition for high performance suffer education and income losses.
Education mandate will create paperwork, not improve minority education
Support for Common Core State Standards slips, but opponents are still in the minority; a majority opposes requirements to balance discipline rates across race; only a minority backs union fees for non-union teachers; support for charter schools and tax credits to fund private school scholarships dips, but a majority still favors them
Families have many options as 93 percent of public school students attend charter schools
Students with disabilities more likely to remain in charters than in district schools
Winners enact new initiatives, strengthen standards and expand charters
Participating in international testing motivates both educators and students
Increased Per-Pupil Spending Yields Improved Educational Attainment and Higher Future Wages for Students from Low-Income Families
How money is spent matters; school districts use unexpected increases more productively than they use other resources
Progressive education techniques and innovative teacher training help the charters outperform NYC public schools
But individual absences caused by weather when schools don’t close have negative effects on achievement
For the first time since the passage of No Child Left Behind, state standards have risen; all states that show strong improvements have adopted Common Core
Young people raised in one-parent homes complete fewer years of schooling and are less likely to receive a B. A. degree
U.S. Students from Two-Parent Families Achieve a Grade Level Higher than Peers from Single-Parent Families
The United States has one of the highest percentages of single-parent families among developed countries
50 Years after the Moynihan Report, More than One-Quarter of Young Black Males Are Neither Employed nor Enrolled in School or Vocational Training
The incarceration rate for young black men without a high school diploma rose from 10 percent in 1980 to 37 percent by 2008
50 years after the Moynihan Report, the percentage of children in mother-only families has risen from around 25% to 50% among blacks, and around 7% to 19% among whites.
Culturally enriching field trips increase knowledge, tolerance, and the ability to read emotions of others
Substantial Opportunities for Improving Teacher Evaluations Lie in the Area of Classroom Observations
Researchers recommend adjusting classroom observation scores for student demographics, using observations conducted by trained external observers
Differences in school effectiveness have important consequences for students’ academic achievement.
2014 EdNext poll finds while the public, on average, gives 50% of teachers in their local schools an A or a B grade, 22% are given a D or an F
Study finds students are similar to those in other local schools and most patterns of attrition are no different
Does the U.S. Department of Justice and Department of Education’s “Dear Colleague Letter” miss the mark on civil-rights enforcement?
Program costly, but in low-income schools small learning gains observed
U.S. ranks 27th out of 34 OECD countries overall; 28th among students with at least one college-educated parent
But automatic admission causes drop in comparable private and out-of-state colleges
Two experts identify implementation challenges and offer different assessments of progress thus far.
Study finds promise of non-merit-based academic college scholarship significantly decreases school-wide suspensions in urban school district.
Measuring student performance correctly helps set the right expectations for students and teachers in both high-poverty and advantaged schools.
Public supports Common Core, and when given national ranking of local schools, Americans give those schools lower grades and express greater support for vouchers, charters, and teacher tenure reform
Will academic success and public support protect charters and small high schools under a de Blasio administration?
Average SAT performance of first-year teachers rose between 1993 and 2008
Contrary to allegations by the U.S. Department of Justice, the scholarship program improves racial integration in public schools in 34 districts under desegregation orders
Field Trips to Art Museums Improve Critical Thinking, Promote Historical Empathy, and Increase Tolerance
Though school field trips to culturally enriching institutions are in decline, study finds positive educational effects; students from rural regions and minorities benefit most.
Charter school growth in Boston is at a standstill, even though studies show strong academic results and the schools have popular support
Increased K‒8 math skills, decreased teen birth rates, and lower incarceration rates may have lifted completion rates between 2000 and 2010
National survey finds declining support for increased school spending and teacher salaries; thinks schools do not do as well at attending to the needs of the less-talented as those of the more-talented.
Evidence shows constructive district reactions to presence of charter schools in urban districts
Beginning teachers subsidize handsome payoffs to superintendents, guardians of the public interest
Authors Paul Peterson and Peter Kaplan find that even though 37 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) received a waiver from the U.S. Department of Education as incentive to join the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) consortia and raise their standards in 2009, standards still declined in rigor in 26 states and D.C. between 2009 and 2011.
2011 legislation opened opportunities for education reform and debt reduction in Wisconsin’s schools
Growth is fueled by a common vision, regional independence, data-driven improvement, and pioneering alumni
Study Finds School Vouchers Boost College Enrollment for African Americans by 24%
Laws give parents more leverage for demanding school improvement, but will they result in legal battles or better schools?
Protection clauses and hold-harmless provisions discourage districts from adapting to make the best use of funds when enrollments decline
New analysis points to the importance of training and transparent assessments of teacher preparation programs as keys to improving quality
First systematic analysis of long-term results for voucher recipients tracks 99% of students in original program.
Programs open doors to teaching for talented candidates who need alternatives to campus-based model
Debate focuses on how best to foster academic success for youth in the nation’s fastest growing immigrant group
Experimental study shows students learn as much online as do peers in traditional courses
School district costs for teachers’ health insurance rose at an average annual rate of 4 percent above inflation from 2004 to 2012
Early results from Wisconsin’s Act 10 indicate promise of significant savings
Regular teacher absences are costly to school budgets and student learning
“No Excuses” Charter Schools Confront High Bar of Expectations as Graduates Enter College in Record Numbers
KIPP and others focus on factors critical to raising their students’ college-completion rates
Changing demographics and ideas fuel challenges to conventional teachers union positions
Evidence used in report on K12 Inc. presents misleading information about how much students learn
Taking two periods of Algebra in 9th grade has long-run positive effects on lower-achieving students
A new study has found that highly effective principals raise the achievement of a typical student in their schools by between 0.05 and 0.21 standard deviations.
New Survey Shows Majority of Independent Voters Favor Charter Schools, feel Unions do 'More Harm than Good'
Overall, public says teacher salaries and tenure should be based heavily on student test performance; public has less confidence in teachers than previously reported
After the end of social promotion in 3rd grade, Florida shown to have boosted student performance
When teachers in Cincinnati were evaluated rigorously, student performance on math tests improve
Schools disproportionately serve Asians and African Americans; Whites and Latinos underrepresented
Public Schools still have more money and employees per pupil than they did in 2000, but are now feeling a financial squeeze
Bold action is needed to protect students without raising costs
U.S. ranks 25th out of 49 countries in student test-score gains over 14-year period, report 3 scholars at Harvard, Stanford and the University of Munich
Movement growth prompts districts to accommodate charter needs – but bigger structural changes are needed
North Carolina study suggests a one-hour later start time in middle school would reduce achievement gaps
Teachers who raise test scores have long-term effects on students’ college enrollment and earnings as adults
Although income and achievement are correlated, the Broader, Bolder Approach to school reform errs in ignoring other, more important factors
Lessons from past 15 years show difficult political and financial path charter schools face
Study shows that 7 to 14 percent of voucher students have disabilities, as compared to 2 percent estimate by Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
As compared to students in K-8 elementary schools, middle school students also score lower on achievement tests. Losses amount to as much as 3.5 to 7 months of learning
The Battle Over Common Core Math Standards: Will A Larger Federal Role Help or Hinder Curriculum Improvement?
Standards raise the bar in many, but not all, states, and still do not reach the highest international level
High-risk middle- and high-school students who transfer to their preferred school are less likely to be arrested and spend less time incarcerated, pointing to impact of school choice
NCLB reauthorization offers possibility for federal redirection, if it focuses on providing parents more accurate information and greater choice rather than requiring top-down compliance
Achievement Gains under No Child Left Behind Test-Based Accountability Projected To Yield Large, Long-Term Economic Returns
Fact-checking analysis of recent National Research Council report shows that seemingly modest gains are significant
Obama Administration’s Conditional Waivers from No Child Left Behind Provisions Spark New Legal, Policy, and Constitutional Debate
Are waivers that require states to accept “principles” necessary or do they constitute rewriting law?
Need for Research on Effective Choices That Work in the Classroom
A growing number of nonprofit organizations bypass PTAs to force change in public education
Study Finds Gifted and Talented Programs in Middle-Schools Have Little Impact on Math and Reading Achievement
However, science scores improve from attending a gifted and talented magnet program
Student involvement in sports, arts, and civic activities linked to higher academic achievement and persistence
Sixty-eight percent of all U.S. districts have average math achievement below the 50th percentile when compared to achievement in 25 developed nations
U.S. Proficiency in Math and Reading Lags Behind That of Most Industrialized Nations, Endangering Long Term Economic Growth
Harvard Study shows large variation in each state’s international standing in math and reading achievement
Combining online learning and teacher coaching, PLCs enable students to learn at their own pace and earn their diplomas
This event will explore why the United States must do better if it wishes to enhance its economic strength.